Why Are Cryptocurrency Markets So Volatile?

Cryptocurrency fluctuations range from 5%-10% per day. This is considered rather high relative to the traditional currencies like the USD that experience a daily fluctuation of 0.5%-1% only. In other words, while traditional investment methods are more stable and reliable, the crypto market is quite volatile in nature.

Why are cryptocurrency Markets so Volatile?

Though volatility of markets is advantageous to earning big profits against the investments, especially if users learn how to use the so-called crypto engines, a catalytic event of minuscule scale can trigger a price fluctuation over a range of 50% to 200%-300%. It, therefore, is imperative that we understand the reasons for the labile nature of the crypto markets, so as to establish their relevance over trading liquid assets.

Here are a few pertinent explanations for the crypto market volatility, though it would be hard to point a needle to just one.

Emerging market size

Just a decade old, the cryptocurrency market is currently valued to be $250B, in comparison to $5T per day of the foreign exchange market. Despite catching up with the momentum and gaining rapid popularity, the market is quite unexplored.

Therefore, while foreign exchange markets can maintain their stability even during times of massive movements, crypto trade gets influenced dramatically even with the slightest adjustment. Thus, when a whale makes a huge transaction, it impacts the entire market into a frameshift in a matter of hours!

Supply and Demand of Purely digital assets

Why are cryptocurrency Markets so Volatile?The simple law of Economics- demand, and supply, also applies to the crypto market because it primarily involves the trading of purely digital assets. Huge demand for an asset skyrockets its price. The world witnessed its clear example during the Christmas of 2017. Bitcoin reached its year-high price of $20,000 following its increased demand during the festival when the buyers started gaining interest in it based on its performance during the year. Nevertheless, the fluctuations in demand and supply could be credited to the absence of any other stabilizing factor in the market.

Evolving Technology

Blockchain technology and the other alternative technologies that drive the cryptocurrency markets are constantly evolving. Problems related to its scalability, validation of smart contracts over the expected timeframes keep resurfacing time and again, and consistently enforcing its downfall.

Fragile Investors

The rising popularity of cryptocurrencies has invited investors of diverse backgrounds to venture into them for investments. One doesn’t need to have expertise in the subject to be able to play in the field. With the hopes of making rapid gains comes an unmatched impatience. This leads to frequent entry and exit of the investors in the trade realms, increasing its volatility.

Why are cryptocurrency Markets so Volatile?Lack of regulation

Market manipulation is the direct consequence of a lack of regulation. Creating a sphere of illusion by misrepresenting the market behavior, simply increases the unpredictability factor of the markets. This increases the anxiety and chaos among the investors, making them increasingly volatile.

Speculative asset value

Cryptocurrencies are not really involved in returning the dividends, the evolution of the technology (that, anyways, requires an insignificant proportion of the total value), and above all, in earning revenue or employing the workforce. This is why it is known to have no inherent value of its own, thriving entirely on speculation. This behavior either leads to a sudden capital influx, or drainage- another factor that increases its fickleness.

Lack of institutional capital

Despite the fact that impressive institutional capital companies- hedge funds and high-net-worth institutions are believers of cryptos, a large proportion of the venture capital remains undeniably on the sidelines of the crypto boundaries.


Cryptocurrency can evolve over a larger sphere owing to a regularized market, a mature outlook, a greater investor diversity, improvised transaction technology, and merchant-accessible transactions. This would relieve the stress of volatility on the market, making it a reliable sphere, gradually improving its value over time.