Saudi Arabia is one of the most ancient countries in the world. It has been inhabited since prehistoric times. The region was ruled by different civilizations, such as Sumerians, Assyrians, Babylonians, and others.
The land of Saudi Arabia comprises some territory in Western Asia, North Africa, and Southern Europe. In addition, it includes islands in the Red Sea and the Persian Gulf. The kingdom’s total area is approximately 2,150,000 square kilometers, making it the sixth-largest state in the world. However, its population is only around 9 million people living within its borders.
The climate in Saudi Arabia
The climate of Saudi Arabia varies from north to south. The northern regions have cold winters, while summers are hot and dry. The central regions experience hot and humid summers with mild winters. The southern parts of the country receive heavy rainfall throughout the year.
The topography of Saudi Arabia is diverse. There are mountains, hills, valleys, plains, and deserts. You can find many natural wonders like waterfalls, lakes, rivers, springs, caves, and forests. Some of these places are Al-Hasa, Al-Ahsa, Mada’in Saleh, Al-Ula, and Al-Quraybah, among others.
Saudi Arabian cuisine
Saudi Arabian cuisine is very rich compared to other Arab cuisines because of the variety of meats and dairy products. Rice is also an important part of every meal. Fish is also eaten a lot, especially when there is no meat available. Vegetables like cucumbers, tomatoes, onions, garlic, eggplants, carrots, peppers, celery, spinach, lettuce, and zucchini are also common foods. Milk, cheese, butter, cream, yogurt, honey, sugar, and olive oil are used in cooking.
There are many types of bread in Saudi Arabia. Some examples include:
Khobz – a flatbread made from wheat flour or barley flour.
Ma’amoul – a flaky pastry filled with nuts or jam.
Baghlava – a sweet cake made from semolina dough stuffed with walnuts and syrup.
Kibbeh – a deep-fried ball of bulgur wheat mixed with minced lamb or beef, spices, pine nuts, and herbs.
Shawarma – a skewer of grilled meat wrapped in pita bread.
Shwarma – a skewer made of marinated chicken or mutton.
Falafel – a small ball of ground chickpeas, seasoned with lemon juice, cumin, coriander, salt, and pepper.
Hummus – a dip made from mashed fava beans, tahini (sesame paste), lemon juice, garlic, and olive oil.
Very delicious? Indeed!
Archaeological sites in Saudi Arabia
There are also archaeological sites in Saudi Arabia. These include Petra, Kharg Island, Al-Buraimi Oasis, Al-Wusta, Al-Duwailah, Al-Manzala, and Al-Rabia.
* Petra: It is located on the edge of the Arabian Desert in Jordan. It is an ancient city built during the Nabataean Kingdom. The ruins of this city were discovered in 1812 by Victor Guérin. He found it to be a large walled town with about 500 houses. The remains of temples, tombs, statues, inscriptions, and other buildings were also found there. Today, visitors can still see the remnants of this once great civilization.
* Kharg Island: This island is situated off the coast of Qatar. It is famous for its coral reefs and beautiful beaches. The waters here are clear and warm all year round.
* Al-Buraimi Oasis: These oases are located in the eastern part of the peninsula. They are known for their date palms, orchards, and gardens. The main cities here are Al-Buraimi and Al-Ash Shamal.
* Al-Duwailah: This is another significant city in Saudi Arabia. It lies along the coast of the Red Sea. Here you will find a lot of historical sites, including fortresses, mosques, palaces, and churches.
These are some of the most popular places in Saudi Arabia, a pearl of the Middle East. Would you like to travel to this country? If so, we invite you to read below.
Do I need a visa to enter Saudi Arabia?
Yes, and applying for a visa is now really easy, in less than 15 minutes. We invite you to read about the [Saudi Arabia Tourist e-Visa] since most nationalities need an e-visa to travel to this country.
Now, traveling to the Middle East is easier than ever. Start your adventure and make a checklist of your dream countries to visit. We are sure that Saudi Arabia needs to be on the list. It has so much to offer you!
Founder Dinis Guarda
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