In the USA, 1 in 10 students is a non-native speaker who experiences certain language difficulties. Such people are referred to as English language learners (ELL). How does the diverse student population in the US look like?
Linguistic Diversity Among ELL Students in Stats
The number of English language learners grows each year, but their percentage varies from state to state. Examine the ELL tendency in numbers:
- 1 out of 5 students grew up in a bilingual family.
- The largest group of English learners (22%) lives in California.
- 75% of English learners in the USA are native Spanish speakers.
- Arabic is a native language for 2.7% of English language learners. It is the second most common language after Spanish.
- 1% of English learners also speak Chinese. They form a significant part of the population in 32 states of the country.
- 10 US states report having 10 percent of English learners or higher.
- English learners make 15% of enrollment in urban educational institutions.
- The percentage of English learners is significantly lower in upper grades and post-secondary institutions.
Who Are English Language Learners?
English language learners come from diverse social and linguistic backgrounds. The report published by AIR divides the population into common profiles of English learners. These three groups are recent immigrants, international, and Generation 1.5 students.
Recent immigrants often have a professional qualification and a degree from an institution in their home country. They tend to enroll in post-secondary institutions to learn English and get a diploma that will allow them to get a better-paying job.
International students come to the USA, seeking educational opportunities. They usually choose to pursue degrees in mathematics, business, and IT. When enrolling, they need to show that they know English well enough to continue their education in an American institution.
Generation 1.5 students are people who finished secondary schools in the USA, but it was not their home country. Although a lot of such students speak English well due to years spent in American schools, some of them may still need to improve their knowledge of academic English. Most often, they struggle with writing assignments.
Limitations that English Language Learners Might Face
Students from a different cultural background often admit feeling isolated and underestimated in new social settings. They lack socialization, support, and tutoring from the side of the administration of an institution. A poor emotional atmosphere has a negative impact on their learning achievements.
Besides, overcoming a language barrier might be difficult. Although most students cope with reading difficulties fast, writing skills require more time. Yet, it should not inhibit educational opportunities. Initially, one needs to write a perfect admission essay to impress the committee. In case you feel confused and do not know how to start it, you can ask domyessay.com for help. This will open the door to your dream college. With the right tools and guidance, ELL students can enroll and demonstrate impressive academic performance.
How Can Educational System Help ELL Adjust?
Non-native speakers need a personalized approach adjusted to their language level. It will help them learn the local culture and understand the academic standards in the USA. Educators should encourage international students to socialize more with native speakers and English learners from other countries. This helps them increase not only their cultural competence but also language skills. Yet, teachers should support this approach with individualized programs and support services. They should include adaptive materials and digital tools, such as ELLoquence. With their assistance, English learners will get help with language skills in real time and will not lag behind native speakers in any way.
Even though the number of people who learn English as their second language grows, their preparedness for college remains low. This is the result of poor support that the educational system of the country provides for non-native students. The problem requires resource allocation targeting the development of technological tools for English learners and the preparation of culturally competent instructors.
Advantages of Being Bilingual
The path to mastering several languages is tough, but it brings positive outcomes. It has been scientifically proved that being bilingual improves memory, attention, and makes your brain sharp. From a pragmatic side, it gives you an advantage over your competitors in the labor market. Knowing two or more languages can potentially bring you a well-paid job. We should not also forget about cultural competence and a broader perception of the world, which can improve your general well-being.
To Sum Up
Considering a large number of English language learners in the USA, there is a need to help them adjust to the academic standards. It is crucial for their enrollment opportunities and future preparedness for labor participation in circumstances of intense competition. This way, they will contribute to the economic growth of the country.
Founder Dinis Guarda
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