Teaching can be a daunting task for teachers who are not sure of their methods. That’s why it’s important to have many different teaching strategies available to you. In this blog post, we will go over 4 different teaching strategies that you could potentially bring into your workplace! These include:
- Student-Centered Teaching – This strategy involves giving students more responsibility and choice with their own learning process
- Explicit Teaching – With explicit teaching, the teacher will provide information or guidance on how to complete tasks
- Cooperative Learning – In cooperative learning, students work together in groups to complete tasks or projects
All of these teaching strategies have benefits and limitations. Let’s take a closer look at each one!
1. Student-Centered Teaching
Student-centred teaching is an effective strategy for students who are motivated and independent. However, this strategy is not as effective for students who may need more guidance or support from teachers.
You can employ this strategy in a variety of ways, such as presenting students the choice to select what project they would like to complete or allowing the students to decide the length of time spent on a task. Furthermore, you can also employ this approach through allowing your students to decide on the level of collaboration in the classroom, as they can select whether to work in groups or separately.
AS a result, you can expect to see a range of benefits for both yourself and your students. These include:
- Students feel more motivated and engaged in their learning process.
- This strategy allows for students to take ownership of what they are doing, which can help them learn better this way!
However, there are some limitations for this strategy. This can include the fact that you can lose control over the classroom and your desired learning objectives. Furthemore, this teaching approach often focuses on the leaders of the classroom, therefore neglecting the needs of the quieter students.
Therefore, student-centred teaching clearly works best when your classroom is highly motivated and your students are more independent learners. When using this strategy, make sure you are constantly assessing your students to see how they are doing. This will help you provide the appropriate level of support for each individual student.
2. Explicit Teaching
Explicit teaching differs from student-centred teaching, as the teacher is in complete control of the lesson. Explicit teaching is another example of a strategy that requires you to be very clear and upfront with your students about what you expect from them. This teaching strategy is beneficial for students who need more guidance or support because it provides a step-by-step process on how to complete tasks.
Explicit teaching is often found in early childhood education or in language learning centres, as the educators often have to be very clear and direct with their instruction. The strategy is particularly useful in the instruction-setting phase of your lesson, or when you are showing students how to complete a task through demonstration.
Some benefits of explicit teaching include:
- Allows for students to know exactly what is expected of them, therefore you can achieve your desired learning outcomes.
- Gives you as the teacher more control over your lesson and how it unfolds.
Some limitations that come with explicit teaching include:
Students may not be engaged or motivated if they feel like their learning process has been taken away from them (autonomy).
This teaching strategy can be quite time consuming, as you need to provide more support and guidance than with other strategies.
Therefore, explicit teaching works best when it is used with students who need more guidance and support. As a rule of thumb, you should plan a significant portion of your lesson in the instruction-setting phase. This is because you will need to ensure that all students have an agreed understanding of exactly what is expected of them.
3. Cooperative Learning
Cooperative learning or collaborative learning is a teaching strategy that involves students working together in groups to complete tasks or projects. This strategy is beneficial for students who are struggling academically, as it allows them to receive support from their peers. Cooperative learning also helps students learn how to work collaboratively and communicate effectively with others.
An example of cooperative learning could be when you split your students into groups to complete a project. You would then have group meetings or discussions so that the students could help each other understand their work and provide feedback on how they can improve as a whole.
Some benefits of cooperative learning include:
- Students are able to receive support from others who may be struggling with the same thing as them
- It allows students to learn how to work collaboratively and communicate effectively with others
Some limitations that come with cooperative learning include:
- This teaching strategy can be time-consuming, as it requires more organisation on behalf of the teacher
- If not implemented correctly, cooperative learning can lead to competition and bullying among students
Therefore, before using this strategy, make sure you are aware of the potential benefits and limitations. It is also important to note that cooperative learning works best in small groups, so try to split your students into smaller teams for projects whenever possible.
Each of these strategies has its own benefits and limitations, so it is important to be aware of these before using them in your class or workplace. The best practice is to understand your classroom and the type of students that you have. Then, consider which strategy would be most effective.
Founder Dinis Guarda
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